Just like Vitamin C, Pantothenic Acid is an essential vitamin, commonly called Vitamin B-5. It is water soluble and essential to sustaining life. Panthothenic acid metabolizes and synthesizes carbohydrates, fats, and proteins.

It also synthesizes coenzyme A (CoA). Coenzyme A acts as an acyl group carrier to form Acetyl-CoA and similar compounds, which is a method of transporting carbon atoms within cellular structures. This transfer of carbon atoms by and through coenzyme A is important to cellular respiration and the biosynthesis of other important compounds including acetylocholine, cholesterol, and fatty acids.


Potassium is an essential mineral macronutrient when it comes to human nutrition. In fact, it is very significant to overall health.

It maintains both fluid balance and electrolyte balance throughout your body, which is not only important in general, but a major health issue for athletes .

Potassium also is important for proper muscle contraction and in the passing of nerve impulses. If you have a deficiency of potassium in body fluids called hypokalemia, this is normally characterized by vomiting, diarrhea, and diuresis. The severity of the deficiency may manifest itself as in weakness in muscles, a decrease in reflex responses, arrhythmia, and respiratory paralysis. There is also evidence that diets rich in potassium reduce the risk of hypertension.

Guidelines issued by the Institute of Medicine call for an RDA (Recommended Daily Allowance) of 4,000 mg of potassium per day. In reality, most humans consume less than half that amount.

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